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4th Grade

Social Studies

1.  Ask students the fun fact questions.

Click here for list.

2.  Watch the movie They Drive the Long Haul

3.  Look at different gas pumps behind the green tanker and the oil pumps by the REO Theater.
     Ask students how they differ from those today.

Hand crank, glass tops, pump using gravity-not electric, do not accept credit cards–no pay at the pump,

Explain the difference between a  self service vs. full service gas station.

Self-service is serving one’s self so this means that you would fill up your own gas tank.  Full service is where someone else does it for you.  Note: There are still two states that have laws against self-service gasoline – New Jersey and Oregon.

4.  Ask students why they think trucking is important to America

Trucking is important because the boats and trains can only get goods to the station/dock and they need another mode of transportation to get them to the stores were they are going to be sold.

5.  Ask students to define logo and ask students to find the following logos:  Diamond T, Walker,
     Mack Bulldog, Shell and Amoco.

A logo is a name, symbol, or trademark to make a product easily recognizable.  The Mack Bulldog logo came from soldiers in World War I who thought the 1916 AC Mack truck looked like the flat nose and face of an English Bulldog.  The Diamond T logo got its name from “diamond” meaning quality and “T” meaning Tilt, the founder of the company.  Explain that the Amoco brand is now BP gasoline.

Ask students why having a logo would be important to a company.

People recognize the logo and it becomes an advertisement.

6.  Go through the trucking vocabulary list.

Click here for list.

7.  Ask students to define what goods are.  What are different goods that trucks haul?

Goods are something you buy.

A variety of answers would apply here:

Toys Machines Computers Books
Food Cars Mattresses Crayons
Clothing Tractors Desks Paper, etc

Explain to students that everything they buy has traveled on a semi truck to the store. Some items come all the way across the country on a semi truck. Other items might travel part of the way by boat or train and the semi truck picks up the items from the port or train station (intermodal yard) and delivers them to the store.


1.  Find the difference between trucks top speed (of the older trucks) to the speed limit on I-80
     (70 MPH)

  • 1912 Mack Jr. 1 ton—18 MPH ( answer: 52)
  • 1917 Velie—12 MPH (answer: 58)
  • 1910 Avery Tractor – 15 MPH(answer: 55)
  • 1925 Kenworth KS 3 Ton—25 MPH (answer: 45)
  • 1927 Graham BB—40 MPH (answer: 30)
  • 1930 Ford Model A Snowmobile – 45 MPH (answer: 25)
  • 1949 Brockway 260 X-W—50 MPH (answer: 20)

2.  Find the difference between the retail price per gallon of gas then and the retail price now.

For example:  In 1950 gas was= 14 cents per gallon & today’s price= $2.89 (answer: $2.75)

3.  Determine how fast the Bandag Bandit can go and how many miles per hour that is over the
     speed limit on Interstate 80.

The Bandit can go 150.918 and the speed limit on I-80 is 70MPH) ( answer: 80.918)

4.  Find the 1919 International. This is the first truck Bill Moon (Iowa 80 Truckstop founder) added to
     his collection.  How old is it?

5.  Read the sign of the 1910 Avery. How many years was the company in business?

They were in business from 1910 until 1923 (answer: 13 years)

6.  How many years were Walker Electric trucks produced?

From 1906 to 1942 (answer: 36 years)

7.  How many years did Mack produce the Mack Jr.?

From 1905 to 1916 (answer: 11 years)

8.  The 1926 Fwd can dig 25 to 35 holes per day how many holes could it dig in a 5-day work week?

answer: 25*5=125 or 35*5=175)

9.  How much could a truck haul – limit is 80,000 LBs truck and trailer weigh 36,382 – how much can
     the cargo weigh?

answer:  43,618

Ideas for the Classroom

  • Ask students to write a paragraph about the topic – if I were a truck driver I would like to haul _______and visit _______.  Share with the class.
  • During your visit, note where some of the trucks were made or used.  Ask students to locate and plot those cities on your classroom map.
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